Resisting crime: The effects of victim action on the outcomes of crimes
The authors examined the effect of victim self-protection during criminal incidents on the frequency of three outcomes: property loss, victim injury, overall serious injury, using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey from 1992 to 2001. Injury followed self-protection in only 10% of the incidents. Compared to lack of resistance, self-protection reduced the likelihood of property loss and injury. Victim resistance appears to be generally a wise course of action.
Tark, J., & Kleck, G. (2004). Resisting crime: The effects of victim action on the outcomes of crimes. Criminology, 42(4), 861-909.
Tark, J., and G. Kleck. "Resisting Crime: The Effects of Victim Action on the Outcomes of Crimes." Criminology 42.4 (2004): 861-909.